With summer coming on, one of the most common conditions that will be met by the healthcare provider is a condition that is associated with the heat. It is caused, to some extent, by a lack of sufficient fluid intake. This condition can take place year round and is an end result of not having enough fluid and enough electrolytes in the body. Anyone who takes part in sports, in physical exertion or in regular exercises can at some point come up against dehydration and heat exhaustion. Everyone should know the signs and symptoms of this condition as it can be life threatening.The mildest form of dehydration can cause some symptoms. This includes fatigue, dizziness, weak feelings and thirst. Your condition is allowing your body fluids to dry up because you’re not replenishing them quickly enough.
If the dehydration continues without fluid replenishment, conditions and symptoms will worsen. The next symptoms that you’ll notice will be a very fluttery and weak pulse. You’ll get feelings of dryness in the mouth and around the lips and eyes. Your eyes will begin to appear sunken into your head and your skin will be very pale and very cool. There is no need for urination because your body is trying to keep the fluids inside. Your body will also cease to sweat. The only treatment that can be given at this point is intravenous therapy with water, electrolytes and glycogen.
Great care must be given to ensure that you are given an adequate amount of fluids in as short a time as possible but not to cause hypervolemia or to put the system into shock by administering the intravenous fluids too rapidly. The flow rate and the amount of fluid in your IV treatment will of course be regulated by the IV set.
Your doctor will recommend the fluids and the flow rate and amount of fluid that you need based
upon the seriousness of your condition and the amount of fluid that he or she believes that you need in order to recover from the dehydration. In the past, many people, particularly athletes or those who lived and worked in very hot and arid climates lost their lives to dehydration before intravenous therapy was available and mainstream treatment.
The prevention of dehydration and intravenous therapy to replace the lost fluid is of course the best way to combat this condition. Keeping enough fluids in your body and ensuring proper hydration at all times is imperative. Prevention as they say is worth all the cures in the world, but thankfully, for those who do become dehydrated from poor fluid intake or illness, we have the means via IV therapy to replace fluids and effect a cure for the condition.